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Swimming is a full-body workout that strengthens both the muscles and the cardiovascular system.Benefits of swimming

Anyone who suffers from diseases of the lungs , such as asthma , can improve their respiratory performance and subjective well-being through regular swimming. Even people with previous joint diseases can practice this sport because the high density of the water means that only a fraction of our weight is carried on the body. Swimming can be practiced all year round with Lifeguard license.

Summary

Swimming is a very gentle sport and is suitable for many people, especially those with previous joint diseases.
It can have a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, help with back pain and is also a good treatment for obesity.

Popular techniques include the breaststroke, backstroke, and crawl, but doing each correctly is important to avoid neck pain.

In the protected environment of a swimming pool, the risks are limited. Possible dangers are sudden calf cramps and, especially in women, infection with a bacterial pathogen.

Contents

The swim entry

Swimming: Health benefits

Swimming for the sick

Swim right

Equipment for swimming

Dangers of swimming

The swim entry

A sufficient warm-up program is essential, especially when swimming โ€“ even more important than when running or cycling in order to avoid overexertion and injuries. Coordination and endurance are related when swimming: Only those who swim in a coordinated manner can swim with endurance. This is taught to swimming beginners in swimming classes.

(The situation is completely different with the baby swimming course : many babies find it pleasant to dive into the water, but they do not learn to swim themselves.)

Swimming: Health benefits

Regular swimming has a positive effect on muscles, joints, endurance and condition and also has a preventive effect:

Cardiovascular: Swimming has a positive effect on the heart : the venous return is relieved by the water pressure. This only works if the water is not too warm: 24-25 degrees is optimal, this effect is lost from 30 degrees. As a result, the heart rate when swimming is deceptively low – swimming is usually not as easy as many think and is more like more intensive endurance training.Benefits of swimming

Back problems: From an orthopedic point of view, swimming is healthy – because we only carry a tenth of our weight in the water , tendons , joints, ligaments and cartilage are spared during sports in the water. Freestyle swimming and backstroke are particularly ideal โ€“ breaststroke is particularly hard on the cervical spine and knee joints.

Overweight : Swimming helps you lose weight.

Swimming for the sick

Regular swimming can improve breathing for people with respiratory illnesses, people with damaged joints can move more easily in the water, and blood circulation is improved for people with circulatory disorders. You should not swim if you have ear problems such as a middle ear infection or are more sensitive to fungal diseases. When it comes to skin diseases, the water is important: chlorine water is less ideal for neurodermatitis and psoriasis sufferers , while seawater improves the symptoms. For psoriasis sufferers there is the possibility of a spa stay at the Dead Sea.

Physiotherapy in the water
Physiotherapeutic measures in the water are specifically suitable for arthritis , osteoporosis or after operations (e.g. on the knee). The latter pursues the goal of building muscle without straining the joints. This should be discussed with a physiotherapist.

Swim right

Various swimming styles ensure variety in popular swimming. If you have trained yourself in the wrong swimming style, you can damage yourself through incorrect exertion.

Breaststroke is the most common swimming style. Anyone who complains of neck pain is not swimming relaxed, and that can cause herniated discs in the cervical spine. Breathing in above water and breathing out under water takes the strain off your neck when you swim breaststroke. Incorrectly executed leg scissors can lead to incorrect loading of the pelvis and put a strain on the hip and knee joints. The right movement can be practiced with a swimming board.
Backstroke: Backstroke is best for the spine and joints; when the head is held straight in the water – as an extension to the spine.
Front crawl: Many people stick their heads out of the water too high โ€“ this causes neck pain.
Read more ยป Movement therapy
Equipment for swimming
Swimming is very inexpensive when it comes to purchasing the equipment and the right swimwear is easy to find: You can indulge your passion for fashion with swimming trunks, bikinis and swimsuits.
Swimming goggles for eye protection: If you want to dive in chlorinated water, you should get swimming goggles to prevent eye irritation.
Flotation boards can be used to improve technique, while flotation pads can help beginners stay afloat.

Dangers of swimming

There are bruises only when you collide with the edge of the pool. Otherwise, the risk of injury when swimming is lower than in any other sport. Obese people and those with joint diseases benefit from the lightness in the water: muscles and joints are not overstrained, strains and tears are practically non-existent.
Mushrooms while swimming
Important for women: Immediately after swimming, get out of your wet bathing suit! In this way, vaginal thrush and bacterial vaginosis can be avoided.
In the swimming pool, where many people go barefoot, the risk of contracting athlete’s foot is higher because the pathogens of athlete’s foot can penetrate more easily into damp, soft skin. Bathing shoes can help preventively.

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